Virtual Child Pornography on the Internet: A “Virtual” Victim?

By: Dannielle Cisneros Child pornography is an exception to First Amendment freedoms because it exploits and abuses our nation’s youth. The latest trend in that industry is “virtual child” pornography. “Virtual child” pornography does not use real children or images of real identifiable children. When the object of desire is not a child, but merely a combination of millions of computer pixels crafted by a skilled artist, can the government ban this allegedly victimless creation? Download Full Article (PDF) Cite: 2002 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 0019

Protecting the Homeland by Exemption: Why the Critical Infrastructure Information Act of 2002 Will Degrade the Freedom of Information Act

By: Brett Stohs To protect against “cyberterror,” the House version of the Homeland Security Act exempts information related to the nation’s critical infrastructure from the Freedom of Information Act disclosure requirements. The proposed exemption unnecessarily threatens public access to vital information about health and safety information; information the Freedom of Information Act was designed to guarantee. Download Full Article (PDF) Cite: 2002 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 0018

Festo: Blessing to Patent Holders or Thorn in Their Sides?

By: Jennifer Miller The Supreme Court makes another attempt to strike a balance between protecting an inventor’s patent rights and ensuring adequate notice to the public of what constitutes patent infringement. This iBrief discusses the Supreme Court ruling in Festo Corp. v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co., Ltd. and its foreseeable effects on the practice of patent law. Download Full Article (PDF) Cite: 2002 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 0017

New “Unbundling” Rules: Will the FCC Finally Open Up Cable Broadband?

By: Sarah North This iBrief discusses a recent Court of Appeals decision remanding FCC rules on the “unbundling” of Internet services by telephone exchange carriers. These rules ordered many Internet service providers to share their equipment with competitors, so that consumers could choose their providers instead of having to accept all services from the company who installed the physical Internet connection. Cable Internet providers are not included in these rules. This iBrief predicts that cable broadband operators will soon be governed by the same “unbundling” provisions as other ISPs. Download Full Article (PDF) Cite: 2002 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 0016

Genetic Testing in the Workplace: The Employer’s Coin Toss

By: Samantha French A toss of the coin by the modern-day employer reveals two options regarding genetic testing in the workplace. The employer may choose to take advantage of increasingly precise, available, and affordable genetic testing in order to ascertain the genetic characteristics – and deficiencies – of its employees. This outcome exposes the employer to a vast array of potential litigation and liability relating to the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fourth Amendment, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, and state legislation designed to protect genetic privacy.  Alternatively, the employer may neglect to indulge in this trend of genetic testing and may face liability for employer negligence, violations of federal legislation such as OSHA regulations, and increased costs associated with insuring the health of genetically endangered employees. In the rapidly developing universe of genetic intelligence, the employer is faced with a staggering dilemma. Download Full Article (PDF) Cite: 2002 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 0015